Volume 02, Issue 04, 2021

Click Here to download the Table of Content   Publication Date: 25th April 2021

Paper id:0100036IJESIR      Open Access

Title: Suicidal Ideation and Psychological Distress in Patients with Substance use disorders and non-users

Year: 2021  Abstract       [Download]            Full Paper  [Download]    Page:5-11 

Abstract: The aim of the present study is to measure the suicidal ideation and psychological distress (depression, anxiety, and stress) among patients with substance use disorders and non-users. The participants for the study were 60 patients with substance use disorders and 60 non-users, with ages ranging from 18 to 35 years. The participants were elevated through G Power software. The data was collected from drug rehabilitation centers and hospitals in Lahore. The Suicidal Ideation Attributes Scale (Spijker et al., 2014), and the Depressions, Anxiety, Stress Scale (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995) were used to study the variables. The data is analyzed with SPSS 21 software. The t-test is used to analyze the results of the study variables. There were significant differences found in, suicidal ideation, and psychological distress (depression, anxiety, stress) among patients with substance use disorders and non-users.

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Paper id:0100037IJESIR     Open Access

Title: Comparison of Periodontal Disease among Genders 

Year: 2021  Abstract       [Download]         Full Paper  [Download]    Page:12-18 

Abstract: The aim of the study is to assess the estimate of periodontal diseases (PD) among gender at Dental Hospitals of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) in Pakistan from February to December 2020. One thousand and seventeen patients were included in the study through a simple random sampling technique from most of the dental Hospitals of KPK. The informed consent was taken from the patients and attendants. Our study shows that the prevalence of gingivitis was more (76.5%) among the population of KPK than the periodontitis. The difference among the frequency of both periodontitis and gingivitis was minimum; female patients (79% Gingivitis, 21% periodontitis), male patients (74% Gingivitis, 26% Periodontitis), p-value <0.005 respectively. Most of the people of KPK are experiencing periodontal diseases, especially mild gingivitis. The education of the population of KPK regarding better oral hygiene needs to be addressed.

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Paper id:0100038IJESIR     Open Access

Title: Gender Disparity in Leadership Roles: A perspective on Indian Higher Education Academia

Year: 2021  Abstract       [Download]         Full Paper    [Download]     Page: 32-41

Abstract: Gender disparity is a global phenomenon and it subsists in each country, state, district and even in far-off villages. A number of researches have by now proved that it is perceived in every field women are under-represented at senior levels within the organizations that shape much of the global dialogue on education. The UN recognizes that gender parity within the organization is a ‘crucial first step to orienting the system to deliver on gender equality in education‘. Even so, efforts to ensure equal representation in positions of authority have fallen short, with a negative relationship between leadership roles and the share of women. There are weaker chances of their progressing up, and now there are significant structural shifts leading to the casualization of the teaching workforce. This paper is an attempt to analyze the problem of gender disparity in the Indian academia hierarchy. Research data shows that the representation of women has both grown in numbers and percentage in terms of access to higher education but this imbalance has a context, which is the lack of women in leadership roles, the continuing dominance of men in decision-making posts, limits women’s growth & ability to influence policy design at highest levels. The fact of the ‘missing’ woman leadership in higher education is an embedded element of this mosaic.

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Paper id:0100039IJESIR     Open Access

Title: Recycling of Organic Waste to make Compost by improved Technique

Year: 2021  Abstract       [Download]         Full Paper     [Download]    Page:42-45 

Abstract: Solid waste management is one of the major issues all over the world. Tons of waste is generated every day. The generation of waste is directly proportional to the growth of the population. As we see the growth of population is increasing day by day and the waste generation ratio also goes on increasing. If we see the general composition of solid waste then we can notice that about one-third part is organic waste. Organic waste is that waste which can decompose and gives us the useful by-product such as compost and many more. Composting is one of the recycling methods, which is very useful for the growth of plants and the betterment of soil. So this paper discusses the fabrication of grinder which makes the fine chopper of organic waste.

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Paper id:0100040IJESIR     Open Access

Title: Evolution of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Evaluation of Government Measures on the Reproduction Rate in Chad as June 30, 2020

Year: 2021  Abstract       [Download]         Full Paper       [Download]  Page:46-55 

Abstract: The objective of this study was to take stock of the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic in the world, model its evolution and assess the impacts of government measures on its instantaneous reproduction rate in Chad on the date of June 30, 2020. The exploratory analysis revealed that the evolution of this global health crisis has remained exponential and variable by country and by subcontinent with an average growth in infection cases of 7.0% per day. In addition, exposure to the COVID-19 risk which implicitly reflects the level of development of the countries is not correlated with the results achieved in the management of the pandemic. The countries exposed to the COVID-19 risk, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa, are able to contain, with a few exceptions, the evolution of cases of infections and deaths, for having put in place government measures following the recommendations of the WHO or for epidemiological factors. However, a few countries end up with a high proportion of active cases. Countries believed to have low exposure to COVID-19, mainly in the Western block, have recorded contrasting developments in the pandemic. Modeling the evolution of the pandemic in Chad has revealed that an average of 12 infected people per day escapes the surveillance and control of the pandemic. In addition, the evaluation of government measures showed that the sanitary measures lowered the reproduction rate (R_t) by 28.5% and a 1% increase in the rate followed causes it to decrease by about 25.4%. On the other hand, ad-hoc border opening measures aimed at passenger arrivals led to an increase in the R_t of 20.6%. It is also observed that the measures to reduce displacements and/or containment only act on the R_t with a delay of 4 to 5 days, with the start of a significant decrease of 29.6 % of reproduction rate.

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Paper id:0100041IJESIR     Open Access

Title: Response of Finger Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) to Biofertilizers Under Different Tillage Methods.

Year: 2021  Abstract       [Download]         Full Paper     [Download]   Page:56-64 

Abstract: In order to improve crop productivity and profitability, practices such as tillage and fertilization are vital. The study was conducted to evaluate finger pepper as affected by biofertilizers under different tillage methods. It was done from May to October 2020 at the BASC Palayamanan Site on San Ildefonso, Bulacan. Three commercially available biofertilizers, Biozim, BioGroe, and Mykoplus were tested for finger pepper in the study. No-tillage, strip tillage and conventional tillage were the tillage methods adopted for this study. The experiment adopted the Split Plot Design in RCBD with four replications, the tillage was as main plots while biofertilizers as sub-plots. Findings revealed that conventionally provided the highest plant height and heavy fruit, but no-tillage obtained the highest root dry weight. BioGroe attained the earliest flowering days, highest fruit set, the highest number of fruits per plant, longest fruit length, heavy fruit weight, and highest total fruit yield. In terms of economic analysis, strip-tillage achieved a good financial attribute as a result of high net income (Php 35,895.00) and ROI (36.46%). BioGroe®  influenced profitability which generated positive responses on Net Income (Php44,134.83) and Return on Investment (41.76%). BioGroe and conventional tillage improved finger pepper productivity and profitability but a further study must be conducted to generate verifiable findings.

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Paper id:0100042IJESIR     Open Access

Title: Impact of Water Quality on Fish Production in Several Ponds of Dinajpur Municipality Area, Bangladesh

Year: 2021  Abstract       [Download]         Full Paper       [Download]  Page:65-70 

Abstract: The fisheries sector is very important in Bangladesh. This study was conducted to assess the impact of water quality on fish growth and production in several ponds of the Dinajpur Municipality area. This study was conducted for eight months from March 2013 to October 2013. The study was carried out in 60 ponds of three water categories, such as clean water pond, slightly polluted water pond, and polluted water pond. In each water category, 20 ponds were selected. Different types of fish species such as Silver carp, Catla, Rui, Mrigal, Mirror carp, Grass carp, and Thai sharpunti, etc. were cultured, stocked and sometimes combinations of other species were also in the same pond. The mean values ranges of water quality parameters in three water categories in several ponds monitored during the study period were temperature 28-330C; transparency 18-55 cm; pH 5.5-8.9; dissolved oxygen 7.13-7.81 mg/l; Carbon dioxide 10-23mg/l; alkalinity 20-125 mg/l respectively. The water quality greatly influenced the growth and production of fishes among the three categories significantly in several ponds. However, the average production rate of fish per year was the highest in the clean water ponds (1756.63 kg/acre), medium in the slightly polluted water ponds (1229.86 kg/acre), and the lowest in the amount in polluted water ponds (846.78 kg/acre). The study indicated that water quality significantly impacts the growth and production of fish in several ponds.

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Paper id:0100043IJESIR     Open Access

Title: Writing ‘otherness’: Revisiting Un-heard Women of Mythology in Selected Contemporary Narratives

Year: 2021  Abstract       [Download]         Full Paper       [Download]  Page:71-74 

Abstract: Mythology has always been a part of our collective unconsciousness. The famous Indian epics are always used in contemporary narratives to present the characters that are seen as demonic or fragile but led a life that goes unnoticed. However, while writing such epics, there are voices that are often left unheard and not paid much heed, to name a few like Ahalya, Urmila, Vrinda, Mandodri and Shilavati. The paper explores the voices of unheard characters given a voice in the contemporary narratives with the aim to revisit the mythology through their lens. The study primarily focuses on the exploration of society’s repeated attempts to uphold the male/female, masculine/feminine, polarization and subjugation through Kavita Kane’s Sita’s Sister and Lanka’s Princess. The derelict and often distorted image of the two characters: Urmila (Lakshman’s wife) and Surpanakha (Ravana’s sister) is explored and analyzed to show that mythology in contemporary fiction gives rise to the unheard voices that are rarely discussed and widely forgotten. Revisiting mythology thereupon gives voice to the quite characters in the epics. The objective of the paper is to relate to the present issues of society like gender discrimination and insecurity based on looks and skin color, feminism and violence by intertwining through the mythological representation of the characters. The persona of Urmila and Surpanakha has always been eclipsed by the other prime characters in Ramayana. Thereupon, the present study aims at representing the dramatis personae in the mythology revisiting through the selected novels by Kavita Kane.

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