Volume 02, Issue 11, 2021

Paper id:01000107IJESIR Open Access

Title: PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN SUPPORTING CHILDREN WITH DYSCALCULIA IN GAWA MIDDLE SECONDARY SCHOOL: A CASE STUDY

Year: 2021 Abstract Full Paper [Download] Page:4-25

Abstract: Parental involvement has been found by many researchers to be important in students’ academic success. However, schools are faced with challenges that constrain parents’ ability to become actively involved in their children’s education. This has negatively impacted the learning of students with learning difficulties resulting in poor quality of education. Therefore, this study was aimed to explore parental involvement on students’ learning and provide some effective strategies that can be used to increase parental involvement in one of the Special Educational Need (SEN) schools in Thimphu District in Bhutan. The study employed a qualitative research approach guided by Epstein’s model of parental involvement. A total of 2 students with disabilities (dyscalculia), 2 parents of the students and a teacher were selected through the purposive sampling technique. The study employed semi-structured interviews to collect qualitative data. The data collected were analyzed based on the thematic analysis technique. The findings from this study indicated that there is a lack of parental involvement in academic support for children. The most significant obstacles that parents confront in assisting their children with learning are 1) Curriculum change, 2) Parents’ lack of educational and professional backgrounds, 3) Family problems and 4) Parent-Teacher Collaboration. Based on the findings from this study it is recommended that the school organize parents’ professional development. The findings from this study also recommend the teacher visit the homes of the children with learning difficulties (dyscalculia) and also conduct parent-teacher conferences.

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Paper id:01000108IJESIR Open Access

Title: Difficulties in Learning the Concept of Gibbs Energy

Year: 2021 Abstract Full Paper [Download] Page:

Abstract: The key difficulties in studying the notion of Gibb energy generated and related ideas are segregated in this paper. We have assumed that the documented study of primary qualitative leaps in the development of the Gibb energy hypothesis can help to recognize these challenges to complete this analysis. So we have defined briefly the key conceptual profiles in which Gibbs energy can be interpreted and analyzed by students from two public universities. Ethiopia. We developed and applied an open questionnaire and interviews for this purpose. The findings obtained showed that most students had ontological and epistemological difficulties at the two universities using the Gibbsenergy definition while preferring the use of reasoning in chemistry based on the principles of chemical thermodynamics.

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Paper id:01000109IJESIR Open Access

Title: The School for Scandal as an Anti-Sentimental Comedy: A Critical Assessment

Year: 2021 Abstract Full Paper [Download] Page:

Abstract: As a powerful genre in the eighteenth century, sentimental comedy was extremely popular in that period. A sentimental comedy arouses the emotions of sorrow, pity as well as compassion. It portrays the idea that human beings are essentially good at heart, but are astray as they are dominated by evil traits. An anti-sentimental comedy, on the other hand, is also called “Comedy of Manners”.  When Sentimental comedy was on the path of decline, writers like Oliver Goldsmith and Richard Sheridan turned to anti-sentimental comedy which was basically an artificial comedy. These writers practiced this comedy to delineate the atmosphere of middle-class families. Moreover, in order to save drama from the path of decline, they were trying to restore the dramatic activities. An anti-sentimental comedy deals with the sophisticated and complex codes of conduct of the fashionable world. The central plot generally portrays the scandals, intrigues, lust and greed as the recurrent themes of the play. In this connection, William Congreve’s The Way of the World displays all the important features of an anti-sentimental comedy. The three plots of the comedy-love plot, Teazle plot and surface plot give an impression of a single strand of the play, the scandal plot. Love, intrigues and scandals are the crux of the main happenings of the play in which both Joseph Surface and Charles Surface, being in love with a girl, Maria. Joseph hatches an intrigue against Charles Surface to win the hand of Maria. At the end, when all the complications are resolved, both Maria and Charles Surface are rewarded with their union in love.

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Paper id:01000110IJESIR Open Access

Title: Strategies to Develop Communication Skills of a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Case Study

Year: 2021 Abstract Full Paper [Download] Page:

Abstract: This study examined the strategies used by the teachers in the classroom teaching to improve the communication skills of a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). A qualitative case study was conducted using interviews from two credentialed special education teachers and two mainstream teachers who worked with a child with ASD for a minimum of six years in the school. In addition, a parent was also involved in this study. This resulted in an in-depth knowledge of the child with ASD, as well as the teaching methods used by teachers and how they affect a child’s communication abilities. The open-ended questions were asked, and the data were gathered through interviews, document analysis, and observations. This study sought to comprehend the effects of communication tactics for the child with ASD, which required in-depth study in a real-life setting. Hence, the philosophical paradigm adopted for this research is constructivism to get rich data on communication skills. Coding and thematic analysis of data from interviews, observations, and document analysis were done using William and Moser’s art of coding theory as a framework. The overall findings of the research showed that teachers’ perspectives of conditions needed for successful implementation of communication strategies were the need for additional material resources, human knowledge, and skills. Furthermore, results also indicated a wide variety of effective strategies that addressed communication needs for the child with ASD as mentioned in chapters two and five. To encourage the child with ASD to learn more effectively, the teachers need to enhance their knowledge and skills through the provision of various training, workshop, and professional development on regular basis. Teachers teaching a child with ASD in special education classes were found to be more knowledgeable than teachers who teach the child with ASD in the mainstream classroom.

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Paper id:01000111IJESIR Open Access

Title: In-vitro antioxidant activity of total phenolic and flavonoid content of Solanum nigrum: A comparative study

Year: 2021 Abstract Full Paper [Download] Page:

Abstract: In the traditional system of medicine, Solanum nigrum belonging to the family Solanaceae has been considered as a remedy for treating various ailments like epilepsy, gastric ulcers, etc., and is believed to have hepatoprotective activities. In this study, the total phenolic and flavonoid content of three extracts (Petroleum Ether, Ethyl acetate and Methanol) from the solanum nigrum leaves and their antioxidant activity was carried out by using spectrophotometric methods. Methanol extract with high absorbance exhibited the highest antioxidant activity containing the highest quantity of phenolics and flavonoids followed by Ethyl Acetate and Petroleum Ether. The presence of phenolic and flavonoid compounds indicated that these compounds can contribute to antioxidant activity. These active constituents alone or in combination with others may be responsible for the observed antioxidant activity. The findings indicated promising antioxidant activity of crude extracts of leaves needs further exploration for their effective use in both modern and traditional systems of medicines. The Solanum nigrum leaf can be regarded as a promising candidate for natural plant sources of antioxidants with higher values. A comparative study of the total phenolic and flavonoid contents extracted by the solvents, and their in-vitro antioxidant activity that could be an effective remedy in hepatoprotection was carried out in the study.

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